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Information about all ranks in merchant navy


Beginner's guide to merchant navy ranks/Information about all ranks  :-

Any industry requires a progression among the staff to keep a smooth coordination of tasks and advance legitimate administration techniques. The equivalent goes for the Merchant Navy.

The terminology of trader naval force positioning framework is worldwide acknowledged by delivery organizations and business vessels all throughout the planet. Be that as it may, there can be minor changes in names and obligations doled out to explicit positions relying upon the country to which the boat has a place.

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As a rule, the positioning framework on trader vessels is principally separated into the accompanying classes:

1. Deck Department

2. Engine Department

3. Catering Department

The extension of a boat is the route center point fitted with cutting edge hardware frameworks for the protected route of the boat. Henceforth, it is needed to be worked and constrained by individuals with the imperative information and abilities. Sailors in the deck office are liable for the route of the boat, treatment of freight tasks and berthing apparatus on the deck of the boat.

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Also, sailors in the boat's motor room go under the motor division. This primarily incorporates marine specialists and appraisals liable for activity and upkeep of boat's hardware. The motor room houses the impetus and force producing apparatus needed for the protected activity of the boat. This additionally incorporates the new water producing plant, the sewage treatment plant, sleek water separator among other apparatus and requires talented faculty for compelling activity.

The third office, or the providing food division, is liable for the planning of dinners and general housekeeping for group and travelers. The quantity of staff in this office changes with the kind of boat. Traveler vessels would have a few individuals and positions while a load boat would several individuals attributable to the distinction in the quantity of individuals installed.

A vessel accordingly requires an unmistakable arrangement of trader naval force positions that would empower the circulation of tasks in an expert and formal way.

The Captain (or Master) is the last expert on the boat and is the most noteworthy position one can accomplish installed. The Captain shoulders colossal obligations and supervises every single shipboard activity. The Captain stays in charge of the vessel consistently and it is the Captain who controls the legitimate day by day exchanges and handles the lawful undertakings on oceanic issues. If the Captain is absent installed, the Chief Mate is thought to be in control for that span.

The Deck Department Officers :-

 :- Boss Officer/Chief Mate/First Mate

    Second Officer/Second Mate

    Third Officer/Third Mate

:-  Deck Cadet

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:-  Deck Ratings

:-  Bosun

:-  Welder/Fitter

:-  Capable Seaman (AB)

:-  Customary Seaman (OS)

:-  Student OS


Boss/chief Officer:

Boss Officer involves the second mindful situation after the Captain of the vessel. He is the top of the deck office and does the sets of the Captain subsequent to talking with him. He regulates the vessel's team and takes care of the different deck activities which remember upkeep tasks for the deck according to the plan for getting work done and freight tasks when in port or periodically at anchor. The Chief Officer focuses on the wellbeing and safe working of the vessel and is worried about the government assistance of team and travelers (if on a traveler vessel) locally available. Also, the Chief Officer deals with the right working of the frame, the convenience area, the load outfitting, the security machines and the fire anticipation hardware. What's more, the Chief Officer likewise keeps a navigational watch from 0400-0800 hrs and from 1600-2000 hrs. For the most part, in port, the Chief Officer doesn't keep watch and the second and third officials spilt the watches between them on a 6-on 6 - off premise. On certain boats, there are 2 third officials present. In such cases, the Chief Officer doesn't keep navigational watch also.

Second Officer:

He is the official on watch (OOW) answerable for the route outline planning, distributions ready and other desk work. He is likewise the clinical official installed liable for the upkeep and controlling of all therapeutically related administrations locally available. His navigational watch timings are 1200 – 1600 hrs and 0000-0400 hrs while adrift and in port, his watches are from 1200-1800 hrs and 0000-0600 hrs.

Third Officer:

This OOW is accountable for executing the safety efforts locally available and reports to the Chief Officer with respect to something similar. He is likewise answerable for the LSA and FFA and their support. Other than that, he readies every one of the port records for use by the Captain alongside dealing with the stock of the bond store locally available. His navigational watch timings are 0800 – 1200 hrs and 2000-0000 hrs while adrift and in port his watches are from 0600-1200 hrs and 1800-0000 hrs.

Deck Cadet:

The deck cadet for the most part helps all the deck officials however he basically keeps watch with the main official. Being recently out of the organization, he is given undertakings that permit him a steady comprehension of the boat and her operations and give him the certainty and skill to complete a safe navigational watch. This preparation additionally permits him to learn for his 'Declaration of Competency' tests which would empower him to keep a free navigational watch.


Bosun is the top of the deck appraisals and helps the Chief Officer in the every day doling out of occupations at hand and guaranteeing they are properly done.

Capable Seaman:

An Able-bodied sailor (A/B) has a shipper sailor's report and is qualified to help the deck office particularly in keeping administered navigational watches.

Customary Seaman:

The post of a customary sailor, meant by OS, serves in the vessel's deck department. An OS is typically occupied with errands, for example, polishing, scaling, cleaning the deck and painting the superstructure. An OS can likewise attempt exercises like redesiging, joining ropes, wiring, fixing, and so on and guarantee secure treatment of payload pinion wheels and stacking or destroying load as coordinated by the Bosun/Chief Officer just as keeping passage watches in port with regards to ISPS necessities. A learner OS is like a cadet yet for the rating area.

The Engine Department :- 

:- Designer Officers

:- Boss/chief Engineer

:- Second Engineer/First Assistant Engineer

Third Engineer/Second Assistant Engineer

Fourth Engineer/Third Assistant Engineer

Fifth Engineer/Trainee Marine Engineer/Engine Cadet

:- Electro – Technical Officer

:- Motor Room Ratings

:- Fitter

:- Motorman/Oiler

:- Wiper

:- Student Fitter/Trainee Wiper

Boss/chief Engineer:

The Chief Engineer is the top of the designing office on a vessel. The necessary capability for this position is approximately alluded to as the "Boss' Ticket". He is then again called as "The Chief" and ordinarily draws a similar installment as the Captain, albeit the total duty of a specific vessel falls exclusively on the Captain's shoulder. The Chief Engineer provides orders for activity and upkeep of the boat's hardware framework and has the general duty of the motor room division.

Second Engineer:

He is liable for the everyday exercises in the motor room, and he is responsible to the Chief Engineer. He oversees the appropriate working of all motor room hardware frameworks and furthermore relegates occupations to the next motor officials and team.

Third Engineer:

This is the following position after the Second Engineer, and is doled out tasks to care for hardware assigned by the Chief Engineer. He reports to the Second Engineer.

Fourth Engineer:

This is the lesser position among the specialist officials and is needed to ensure the apparatus frameworks appointed to him are working effectively. He also reports to the Second Engineer.

With current boats working with Unmanned Machinery Spaces (UMS), the architect officials turn the night observes to keep observes once in three evenings with the cautions changed to their lodges during the UMS time frame.

Learner Marine Engineer:

This is a learner engineer position under the Second Engineer and he helps and learns while noticing and completing exercises in the motor room. He generally goes with the second specialist during watch obligation however he is ordinarily doled out to help the third and fourth architects to empower him to study hardware he would need to work after acquiring his 'Endorsement of Competency' and furthermore help his arrangements for the tests.

Electro-Technical Officer:

The electro-specialized official handles different perspectives locally available a boat identified with electrical frameworks. The ETO would answer to the Chief Engineer and sort out his positions in conference with the Second Engineer. He would deal with the upkeep of different electrical frameworks in the motor room and the navigational equi[pment on the extension. The horde frameworks he would be chipping away at would be pretty much as changed as the refrigeration framework to the crisis frameworks or alarms and indicators to navigational lights and battery reinforcements to electrically worked impelling hardware


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Being a new position expansion, the ETO's have an epaulet with a green stripe between the gold stripes rather than the regal purple stripes between the gold stripes for the Engineer Officer epaulets to separate them.

All the motor room appraisals report to the Second Engineer


Fitters are guaranteed experts in welding and are gifted administrators of the machine. They are checked upon for appropriately fitting of the motor and other electrical parts in the motor room just as to fix or manufacture pieces needed for fixing broken/broke segments. They are significant on account of their specialized and fitting abilities, just as their insight which is more specialized as opposed to hypothesis based


Evaluations in this position hold a watchkeeping declaration who can keep watch alongside Engineer Officers. They are assigned positions continuously engineer and for the most part help the Engineer Officers in the upkeep of apparatus and monitoring working boundaries of the hardware.


Wipers are answerable for helping during a support, tidying up the motor room and upkeep of the motor room. They are generally not confirmed watchkeepers however they progress from this position to that of a motorman/oiler in the wake of getting a watchkeeping authentication and finishing the essential cruising time. Learner wipers and student fitters begin under this position and afterward get advanced after acquiring the imperative abilities.

The Catering Department :-

:- Boss/chief Cook (click here for indian coc for             chief cook) 

:- Learner Cook

:- Steward

Boss/chief Cook:

Boss Cook has the obligation of planning suppers consistently for the group and travelers. He is likewise responsible for the food gazes and presents his rundown of expected arrangements to the Chief Officer. He is likewise mindful to guarantee that the cookroom is spotless and uncontaminated.

Learner Cook:

The learner cook helps the main cook in readiness of dinners and overseeing arrangements.


The Steward, is relegated errands remembering serving dinners for time, cleaning and keeping up the living quarters of the officials, and helping with keeping up the record of the arrangement stores.

On a traveler transport, the kitchen would include a few different positions as well.

Also, that is a concise diagram of the pecking order installed the boat. There may be contrasts in the positions dependent on \which country the boat is hailed with or even the transportation organization, however the essential progressive system is something very similar.


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